Avian Virology, Current Research and Future Trends
The poultry industry is crucial for global food security. Poultry meat is a universally accepted source of protein and is projected to become the world’s most consumed meat in the very near future. In the last decade, there has been significant growth of poultry production in different parts of the world, particularly Asia, Africa and South America. One of the major constraints that affects poultry production is infection by viral pathogens.
A large number of viruses, belonging to almost all families of viruses, have been identified to cause infections in poultry. Clinically, these infections result in a broad range of outcomes from inapparent to severe and economically devastating diseases. Fenner’s veterinary virology eBook
Some of these viruses have been historically associated with poultry, while many were recently discovered. Some of these viruses, such as the avian influenza virus, West Nile virus and Japanese encephalitis virus, are also zoonotic. A thorough understanding of the molecular biology, immunology, and pathogenesis of viruses that cause disease in poultry is necessary for rationale design of vaccines and diagnostics to control avian diseases.
The objective of this book is to present the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on viral agents that are more important to poultry health. The book ends with an updated chapter on avian immune responses to virus infection. This chapter was created because of the important role the host immune system plays in a viral infection.
Hence, a greater understanding of the avian immune responses to virus infection will assist in designing novel vaccine strategies. Rather than focusing on disease itself, the chapter authors were invited to contribute for their expertise on the viral genetics, molecular biology, and host–pathogen interaction studies.
The chapters in this book not only cover the molecular characteristics of the virus, but also viral pathogenesis, and control measures. This book is a valuable source of timely information for students, virologists, molecular biologists, immunologists, veterinarians, avian disease researchers, and scientists in related fields.
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